Felspar Test

Testing framework with cmake integration for C++20

The framework is easy to use from your CMakeLists.txt and tests can be run as part of your normal build with no extra steps needed. The tests are also easy to write using standard C++ syntax and operators with no macros to memorize.

Basic usage

#include <felspar/test.hpp>

namespace {
auto const vector = felspar::testsuite(
        [](auto check) { check(std::vector<int>{}.size()) == 0; },
        [](auto check) {
            std::vector items = {1, 2, 3, 4};
            check(items.size()) == 4;
            check(items.front()) == 1;
            check(items[1]) == 2;
            check(items[2]) == 3;
            check(items.back()) == 4;
            check(items.begin()) == items.cbegin();
        [](auto check) {
            std::vector<std::string> ss;
            check([&]() {
            }).template throws_type<std::out_of_range>();

CMake integration

To use, add it as a sub-directory in your project and then just add_subdirectory, or use:


        GIT_REPOSITORY https://github.com/Felspar/test.git
        GIT_TAG main
if(NOT felspar-test_POPULATED)
    add_subdirectory(${felspar-test_SOURCE_DIR} ${felspar-test_BINARY_DIR})

You will need to define a test target that you want to add the tests to:


You may want different targets for unit and integration tests. Add as many as you need. To add tests to that target for a library called your-library use:

add_test_run(check your-library TESTS checks1.cpp checks2.cpp)

Each file will be tested separately. If you need to have a library of test helpers you can do something along these lines:

add_library(test-helpers helper1.cpp)
add_test_run(check your-library test-helpers TESTS checks1.cpp checks2.cpp)

Anything you add between the test target name and the TESTS word will be linked with the test executable.

Writing tests

You can pass any number of test lambdas into the testsuite function and it will return a value that you store and acts as an anchor for the test runner to find and execute the tests.

static auto const unary = felspar::testsuite(
        [](auto check) { check(true); },
        [](auto check) {
            auto const *ptr = "";
            check(ptr) != nullptr);

You can also use the .test member of the returned object, which also takes an optional test name:

static auto const unary = felspar::testsuite("checks...unary")
        .test([](auto check) { check(true); })
        .test("truthy", [](auto check) {
            auto const *ptr = "";
            check(ptr) != nullptr;

Finally you can separate the tests. This is useful when creating macros to help with porting from other test suites:

static auto const unary = felspar::testsuite("checks...unary");
static auto const unary_1 = unary.test([](auto check) { check(true); });
static auto const unary_truthy = unary.test("truthy", [](auto check) {
        auto const *ptr = "";
        check(ptr) != nullptr;

These approaches can be freely mixed.

Logging in tests

The test runner can pass a std::stringstream to the the test which can be used for logging which is shown if the test fails.

static auto const logger = felspar::testsuite("with logging",
    [](auto check, auto &os) {
        os << "Starting test\n";

Might be reported as:

with logging:1 ... FAIL :-(

Starting test

is_truthy failed at ../../test/test/run/checks.cpp:112:51
check(0) is_truthy

Tests with no checks

It is also possible to write tests that don't require checks at all. Simply pass a nullary test lambda for this situation:

static auto const nocheck = felspar::testsuite("no check",
    []() {

Test operations

The object injected into the tests (conventionally called check) is used as the basis of the assertions. Values can be wrapped and then compared (only ==, !=, <, <=, >, and >= are currently supported):

check(some_value) == other_value;

Values can also be checked to ensure they will work correctly in conditional contexts:


Exceptions can be checked either by type or by value:

check([]() {

check([]() {
}).template throws_type<std::runtime_error>();

The first form, throws, checks that an exception of the appropriate type will be thrown and that the first lines of the what() string of the caught exception and the passed exception are the same. The thrown exception is returned (as a std::exception_ptr) so that further checks can be carried out on it if required.

The second form, throws_type, only checks that an exception can be caught using a guard of the provided type.

Failure reporting

If the types used in an expression are printable to a std::ostream<char> then this is used to generate a failure message. For example check(4) != 4 could be reported as:

maths:7 ... FAIL :-(
!= failed at ../../test/tests.cpp:69:0
check(4) != 4

If the type doesn't support printing then it will be shown as ?? unprintable ?? instead.

Time outs

By default the test runner will time out after 30 seconds. To increase this number define the pre-processor symbol FELSPAR_TEST_RUNNER_TIMEOUT_SECONDS to a higher (or, if you want, a smaller) number in your build configuration for the tests.